New York State Gov. Andrew Cuomo presented a state budget proposal on
Tuesday, Jan. 17, that includes a $1 billion increase in overall funding for
the state's schools in the 2017-18 school year. The governor's plan includes
targeted funding to support high-need districts with community schools,
pre-kindergarten and after-school programs, and discontinuing the use of the
original Foundation Aid Formula in determining future state aid increases.
The Executive Budget Proposal is the formal beginning of budget negotiations between the governor and the New York State Legislature, with a final state budget due by April 1. Under the governor's proposal, total school aid for 2017-18 would be $25.6 billion, which represents a statewide increase of 3.9 percent.
The bulk of the funding increase would go toward three areas: $428 million in additional Foundation Aid, which is the primary source of funding for everyday school operations; $333 million to reimburse districts for designated expenses such as transportation, construction and BOCES services; and a $150 million "Fiscal Stabilization Fund," which would be allocated through a method still to be determined.
A breakdown of projected state aid for each school district based on the governor's proposal is available here [PDF].
The governor's proposed increase in education funding falls short of
recommendations advanced this fall by the Board of Regents and the
Educational Conference Board, a coalition of the state's major education
The Regents have called for an overall $2.1 billion increase in school funding for 2017-18, and ECB estimates $1.5 billion is necessary just to continue current school services next year.
Both ECB and the Regents called for the state to renew its commitment to Foundation Aid, the formula enacted in 2007 to ensure all school districts have the funding needed to provide students with a sound, basic education. As the recession affected state finances, the phase-in of Foundation Aid stalled and the state currently owes schools $4.3 billion in Foundation Aid based on the formula that is written into current law.
Gov. Cuomo's budget proposal adjusts the Foundation Aid Formula to steer more funds to high-need districts. It also seeks to discontinue the provisions of the formula that call for it to be fully funded over time. Instead, beginning in 2018-19, districts would only be guaranteed the amount of Foundation Aid they receive in 2017-18, with any state aid increase to be allocated through a method that is to be determined.
This has prompted some education advocacy groups to raise concerns that the original intent of Foundation Aid - providing districts with adequate and predictable funding each year based on student needs - will never be realized.
The governor's state budget plan calls for funding to address a series of targeted initiatives and programs:
Visit www.budget.ny.gov/pubs/executive/eBudget1718/ExecutiveBudget.html for more details on the governor's budget proposal.