New York adopted the Common Core State Standards - national academic standards developed by the National Governors Association Center for Best Practices and the Council of Chief State School Officers - along with a small set of additional standards in January 2011. Together, the two groups of standards create New York's Common Core Learning Standards (CCLS). Implementation of the new standards began in the 2012-2013 school year.
The Common Core State Standards were developed over a three-year period,
starting in 2007, by a group of key stakeholders - teachers, business
representatives, school administrators, governors, state education leaders,
and content experts - from 46 states, including New York.
Learning standards are not a new thing in New York, where public schools have always had a common set of learning goals and expectations to guide curriculum development and teaching practices. Common Core is intended to be a set of state standards that focus on 21st century learning and critical thinking, thereby establishing clear, modern, and rigorous-learning expectations for all students in the country.
According to state leaders and the groups that developed the Common Core, the goal of the new standards is to ensure that students in all schools in New York and across the country are held to the same rigorous standards, which are intended to prepare them to enter college and/or a viable career after high school graduation. The standards are based on the skills experts believe students need in order to be successful in today's world, and include strong literacy skills, critical thinking, using evidence to form and support an argument, the ability to write about what one has read, and the ability to apply knowledge to real-world situations.